Prior to six months of age, health organizations say that only breast milk is needed. After that six month mark is reached, parents can start to introduce solids. But which solids should be introduced first? You might be surprised at what the Infant Feeding Joint Working Group (a collaborative effort between Health Canada, the Canadian Pediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada and the Breastfeeding Committee for Canada) has to say.
Over the last decade, cesarean rates have increased all over the world; Canada is no exception, going from 17% in the 1990’s to 28% in 2009. This presents several health problems for both mother and baby: increased chances of infection, longer hospital stays, increased risk of delivering preterm, lower birth rates, and more.
Adrienne Pine, anthropology professor at American University, started her day like many other working mothers. But while preparing to head off to her first “Sex, Gender & Culture” class of the year, she found her daughter had a fever. Now faced with a dilemma; she had first-day-responsibilities, a sick baby, and no viable child care options.
Countless studies have backed the saying, “Breast is best.” Now, thanks to a research team at Duke University Medical Center, yet another study can be added.
Vanderbilt University to Participate in Statewide Initiative to Increase Exclusive Breastfeeding Rates
It seems that many states are following in New York’s footsteps; the state of Tennessee is planning an initiative to increase the exclusive breastfeeding rates in their hospitals. While not as conservative as the New York initiative, the Tennessee initiative does have some guidelines that hospitals will need to follow to be considered “participants.”
Litherland High School students as young as 14 are learning about motherhood in a whole new way; those that are taking a GCSE class in child development are learning about the benefits of breastfeeding. The tools being used – puppets and knitted breasts – may be a bit unorthodox, but it seems that the efforts really are making an impact on the mothers of tomorrow.
While countless studies have documented the benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and baby, the breastfeeding rates in most of America are still rather low when compared to many other countries around the world. A voluntary initiative for hospitals, Latch On NYC, backed and encouraged by Mayor Bloomberg is encouraging NYC hopes to change all of that, but the effort is creating quite a stir.
According to a recent study, the more children a woman has, the more likely she is to experience weight problems later in life. However, researchers also found that women may be able to counteract that risk slightly by breastfeeding their babies.
Currently, the recommendation regarding breastfeeding includes nursing exclusively for the first six months of life and continuing until twelve months while introducing solids. These recommendations come from many health organizations: the CDC, the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics, just to name a few.
Baby’s gut microbes have an important role to play in developing his immune system and a mutli-university research suggests that breast fed babies have a healthier immune system than formula fed babies because of the way the bacteria’s in the gut colonize.
Just a mere couple of generations ago, not gaining enough weight in the first year of life was a concern. Now, the concern weighing on the minds of pediatricians and researchers is the excessive weight gain of many infants today.
Breast milk is almost always the best source of nutrition for infants under twelve months of age. This has been verified by many organizations, including the World Health Organization. But when the mother is HIV positive, there is an increased risk of HIV transmission from mother to baby when the mother breastfeeds. In the United States and other developed countries, formula is a perfectly acceptable alternative.