Study Shows Some Fathers Feel Inadequate When Mothers Breastfeed

16716974_sWhile many fathers know that their support is important for successful breastfeeding, some of them feel as if it makes them feel inadequate, so much so that many of them feel like breastfeeding is standing in the way of their involvement with baby. But is this really true, or are we forgetting to address fathers when dealing with breastfeeding issues, failing to send the message of just how important they really are?

“In our research, fathers of breastfed babies scored just as high as fathers of bottle-fed babies on scales of father involvement, and in fact, the dads of breastfed babies were involved in a greater variety of activities than dads of formula-fed babies,” Francine de Montigny, professor of nursing at the Uiversite du Quebec en Outaouais, and Canadian Research Chair in psychosocial family health, told Father Involvement Research Alliance (FIRA). “The men with breastfed infants were holding and comforting their babies, giving baths and baby massages, while the involvement of the fathers of bottle-fed children tended to be more centered around giving the baby a bottle. I think fathers imagine that being able to give a baby a bottle will help them become more involved in lots of other activities, but in our study, this was not the case.”

Even fathers who seemed to be the most invested in breastfeeding reported to be conflicted – on one hand, they felt that breastfeeding had created a feeling of closeness in their family and it didn’t interfere with their parenting, but at the same time, these fathers still felt inadequate on a certain level, despite their strong involvement in their child’s life.

“These fathers felt that their babies had this one crucially important need that they were unable to meet, because it could only be met through breastfeeding,” Montigny said. “It was sad to hear some fathers say, ‘I can’t do the most important thing.’”

But that’s not true, Montigny (and experts) say. And the fact that fathers believe this means that we’re seriously failing when it comes to helping dads understand just how important their involvement is.

“It seems that when it comes to meeting the needs of an infant, for some parents the whole focus is on breastfeeding,” Montigny said. “These fathers did not seem to be aware that all the things they were doing – the skin to skin contact and other physical contact that occurs during comforting, bathing, infant massage and other kinds of routine baby care – are also very, very important for their baby’s well-being and brain development. We need to do a better job of communicating this to parents in general, but fathers in particular.”

After doing a quick review of the online advice for fathers of breastfed babies, Montigny found her suspicions were true. While many of the information shed light on the many things fathers could do to bond with their babies, none of them really discussed WHY those things were so important. Science has proven that those moments of physical contact help contribute to healthy neurological, social and emotional development.

Dads also shared that they are experiencing stress, right along with mom, when breastfeeding issues ensue. In fact, some fathers even felt devastated when their partner stopped nursing because of common breastfeeding problems. And that stress, Montigny says, can end up affecting dad’s involvement.

“The more stress fathers felt, the less competent they felt, and fathers who felt less competent tended to be less involved,” she said.

Support systems can help reduce this stress by remembering that many fathers do want to be involved in making breastfeeding successful for their partners. They can do this by addressing fathers, as well as mothers – something that dads actually complained about in regards to breastfeeding support systems.

“We had fathers tell us that during home visits, nurses talked only to the mother, even though, in some cases, it was the father who had called asking for help,” Montigny said. “When the help you get with breastfeeding problems isn’t that helpful, that, in itself, is stressful.”

But moms can also offer their support, reminding dads of just how important they really are, and how their efforts are helping with healthy development for their baby. This seemed to be the most effective means of support, and it even seemed to help influence just how much fathers wanted to be involved. offers a few ways new dads can bond with their new baby:

  • Cradle Baby Close – Just like mom does, minus the milk!
  • Take the Night Shift – Become the “rescuer of the night” when baby cries. This will give you and baby precious alone time and give mom the chance to catch some extra zzz’s.
  • Take them for a Walk – Babies love fresh air, so take your little bundle for a stroll around the block. Try using a sling or carrier instead of your stroller. This will keep baby close to you throughout the walk.
  • Be a Part of the Bedtime Routine – A consistent bedtime schedule is very important to helping your baby sleep through the night. Choose a part of the routine you want to be involved in like bathtime.

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About the author


Kate Givans is a wife and a mother of five—four sons (one with autism) and a daughter. She’s an advocate for breastfeeding, women’s rights, against domestic violence, and equality for all. When not writing—be it creating her next romance novel or here on Growing Your Baby—Kate can be found discussing humanitarian issues, animal rights, eco-awareness, food, parenting, and her favorite books and shows on Twitter or Facebook. Laundry is the bane of her existence, but armed with a cup of coffee, she sometimes she gets it done.


  • the father’s active involvement in the form of support is very important for encouraging sustained breastfeeding. But it is also important to counsel the father how to do best during breastfeeding by the mother.

  • At the end of the day, it says more about Dads that they express that they feel inadequate in regard to breastfeeding. Any normal parent has times they feel inadequate but once again men and our culture are moving the focus onto them rather than supporting Mums and babies. Why is it we have to bolster and stroke the ego’s of self obsessed and self centred men to try to achieve a culture where breastfeeding is the norm? Normal, decent, genuinely caring and loving fathers don’t use this excuse, it doesn’t even cross their radar!

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